Nutritional and lifestyle determinants of central obesity in children RESEARCH
A total of 124,113 children (9.9±1.07 years old, 51% boys) were evaluated from the majority (90.89%) of schools of primary education in Greece, during the school period of 2010-2011. Anthropometric measurements (weight, height, waist circumference) were obtained by trained teachers of Physical Education. The BMI cut-off points by the International Obesity Task Force were used to define obesity status. Central obesity was estimated by waist to height ratio (≥ 0.5). Dietary habits and physical activity status were assessed through self-completed questionnaires.
In total, 23.6% of the children were overweight and 8.8% obese. Central obesity was prevalent in 33.4% of all children. Between obese and non-obese children, 95% and 23% respectively had central obesity. In both groups, children with central obesity reported infrequent breakfast and snack consumption at home, higher frequency of screenplay and higher physical inactivity status. Skipping breakfast and no snack consumption at home were the most significant lifestyle predictors of central obesity in children.
The prevalence of central obesity among Greek children is at an alarming level and constitutes a serious public health issue. Results suggest the need for a shift towards a healthier school and community environment for our children, which ensures specific eating and life style habits, such as regular healthy breakfast or more physical activity.
D. Grigorakis, G. Psarra, K. Tambalis, E. Georgousopoulou, D. Panagiotakos, L. Sidossis
Laboratory of Nutrition and Clinical Dietetics, Harokopio University
Διαβάστε στα ελληνικά
Διατροφικοί παράγοντες και φυσική δραστηριότητα προσδιορίζουν την εμφάνιση κεντρικής παχυσαρκίας στα παιδιά
Vitamin D halts autoimmune diseases
The term “Rheumatology” originates from the Greek term “revma” (“current”), a derivative of the verb “reo” (“circulate”) which designates a movement towards a direction. !
Higher salt intake may increase risk of CVD in those with kidney disease
A study published in JAMA shows that high sodium intake may increase the risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD).!
Dietary fiber may play important role in ‘successful aging’
A study published in The Journals of Gerontology shows that eating the right amount of dietary fiber from breads, cereals, and fruits may protect against disease and disability as we age.!
Focus on Healthy Foods, Not Avoiding 'Bad' Ones, for Heart Health
Fewer heart attacks, strokes and deaths seen among those who follow Mediterranean-style eating plan. !