Daily walnut consumption may lower cardiovascular disease risk RESEARCH
A study published in Metabolism indicates a diet with walnuts may reduce cardiovascular disease risk by lowering non-HDL cholesterol and apolipoprotein B (ApoB)—two predictors of cardiovascular disease.
Researchers at University of Munich Medical Center, Germany, investigated the effects of daily walnut consumption (43 g/1.5 oz) on blood lipid levels that predict cardiovascular disease risk, and found non-HDL cholesterol and ApoB levels were significantly reduced on the walnut-enriched diet by over 6% and 5%, respectively.
Forty subjects were included in a controlled, cross-over study and randomized to receive first a walnut-enriched (43 g/day) and then a Western-type (control) diet or vice-versa, with each lasting eight weeks and separated by a two-week wash-out period. At the beginning and end of each diet phase, measurements of fasting values, a mixed meal test, and an assessment of postprandial endothelial function (determination of microcirculation by peripheral artery tonometry) were conducted.
Compared with the control diet, the walnut diet significantly reduced non-HDL-cholesterol and apolipoprotein-B after adjusting for age, gender, BMI, and diet sequence. Total cholesterol showed a trend toward reduction. Fasting VLDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides and glucose, insulin, HOMA-IR, and HbA1c did not change significantly. Similarly, fasting adipokines, C-reactive protein, biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction, postprandial lipid and glucose metabolism, and endothelial function were unaffected.
The researchers concluded that "daily consumption of 43 g of walnuts for eight weeks significantly reduced non-HDL-cholesterol and apolipoprotein-B, which may explain in part the epidemiological observation that regular walnut consumption decreases CHD risk."
Vitamin D halts autoimmune diseases
The term “Rheumatology” originates from the Greek term “revma” (“current”), a derivative of the verb “reo” (“circulate”) which designates a movement towards a direction. !
Higher salt intake may increase risk of CVD in those with kidney disease
A study published in JAMA shows that high sodium intake may increase the risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD).!
Dietary fiber may play important role in ‘successful aging’
A study published in The Journals of Gerontology shows that eating the right amount of dietary fiber from breads, cereals, and fruits may protect against disease and disability as we age.!
Focus on Healthy Foods, Not Avoiding 'Bad' Ones, for Heart Health
Fewer heart attacks, strokes and deaths seen among those who follow Mediterranean-style eating plan. !