High-calorie breakfast may aid in weight loss RESEARCH
According to a recent study published in Obesity, a high-calorie breakfast with reduced intake at dinner is beneficial and might be a useful alternative for the management of obesity and metabolic syndrome.
Researchers at Tel Aviv University in Israel sought to compare a weight loss diet with high caloric intake during breakfast to an isocaloric diet with high caloric intake at dinner. Overweight and obese women (BMI 32.4 ± 1.8 kg/m2) with metabolic syndrome were randomized into two isocaloric (∼1400 kcal) weight loss groups, a breakfast (BF) (700 kcal breakfast, 500 kcal lunch, 200 kcal dinner) or a dinner (D) group (200 kcal breakfast, 500 kcal lunch, 700 kcal dinner) for 12 weeks.
The BF group showed greater weight loss and waist circumference reduction. Although fasting glucose, insulin, and ghrelin were reduced in both groups, fasting glucose, insulin, and HOMA-IR decreased significantly to a greater extent in the BF group. Mean triglyceride levels decreased by 33.6% in the BF group, but increased by 14.6% in the D group.
Oral glucose tolerance test led to a greater decrease of glucose and insulin in the BF group. In response to meal challenges, the overall daily glucose, insulin, ghrelin, and mean hunger scores were significantly lower, whereas mean satiety scores were significantly higher in the BF group.
Vitamin D halts autoimmune diseases
The term “Rheumatology” originates from the Greek term “revma” (“current”), a derivative of the verb “reo” (“circulate”) which designates a movement towards a direction. !
Higher salt intake may increase risk of CVD in those with kidney disease
A study published in JAMA shows that high sodium intake may increase the risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD).!
Dietary fiber may play important role in ‘successful aging’
A study published in The Journals of Gerontology shows that eating the right amount of dietary fiber from breads, cereals, and fruits may protect against disease and disability as we age.!
Focus on Healthy Foods, Not Avoiding 'Bad' Ones, for Heart Health
Fewer heart attacks, strokes and deaths seen among those who follow Mediterranean-style eating plan. !